Ankylosing spondylitis

| Advance Pain Management
Ankylosing spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that primarily affects the spine. It causes inflammation of the spinal joints (vertebrae) that can lead to severe, chronic pain and discomfort. Over time, the inflammation can result in new bone formation, causing the vertebrae to fuse together. This fusion process is known as ankylosis.


  1. Inflammation: AS is characterised by inflammation, commonly in the sacroiliac joints where the spine connects with the pelvis. This inflammation can also affect other joints, tendons, and ligaments.


  1. Pain and Stiffness: Persistent pain and stiffness, especially in the lower back and buttocks, are hallmark symptoms. The discomfort is typically worse in the morning or after periods of inactivity.



  1. Progressive Nature: Ankylosing spondylitis tends to be a progressive condition. If left untreated, chronic inflammation can lead to the formation of bony bridges between vertebrae, causing a loss of flexibility in the spine.


  1. Extra-articular Manifestations: AS can also affect other parts of the body, leading to complications such as inflammation of the eyes (uveitis), fatigue, and difficulty breathing due to involvement of the chest wall.



  1. Genetic Factors: There is a strong genetic association with the HLA-B27 gene. Individuals carrying this gene are more susceptible to developing ankylosing spondylitis, although not everyone with the gene develops the condition.


Physiotherapy treatment –


  1. Exercise Prescription:


  • Tailored exercise programs are designed to address specific needs. This may include stretching, strengthening, and cardiovascular exercises.
  • Home exercise programs are often provided to empower patients to continue their exercises independently.


  1. Manual Therapy:


  • Hands-on techniques by physiotherapists, such as joint mobilization and soft tissue manipulation, are employed to improve joint mobility and reduce pain.


  1. Modalities:


  • Various therapeutic modalities, such as heat, ice, ultrasound, or electrical stimulation, may be used to manage pain, inflammation, and promote healing.


  1. Posture and Body Mechanics Training:
  • Correcting posture and teaching proper body mechanics are essential, especially for conditions affecting the musculoskeletal system.


  1. Functional Training:


  • Activities and exercises are chosen to improve the patient’s ability to perform daily tasks and activities specific to their lifestyle.


  1. Pain Management:
  2. Physiotherapists may employ techniques like transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or biofeedback to help manage pain.                                                                                                                                                                        

    “At Arunalaya Healthcare, we pride ourselves on being the best physiotherapy center in Delhi. Our dedicated team of experts offers top-notch physiotherapy treatment tailored to your needs. Experience the difference with Arunalaya, the leading physiotherapy clinic in Delhi area. Our commitment to excellence ensures that you receive the best physiotherapy care possible. 

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