Temporomandibular Joint (TMD)Dysfunction

| Advance Pain Management
Temporomandibular Joint (TMD)Dysfunction

* Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction cause pain and dysfunction in the jaw joint and muscles that control jaw movement.

* Temporomandibular joint is a hinge that connects your jaw to the temporal bones of your skull, which are in front of each ear.

* TMJ dysfunction (TMD) causes pain and tenderness in your jaw joints and surrounding muscles and ligaments. Causes include teeth grinding, jaw injuries, arthritis and everyday wear and tear. TMJ treatment varies from person to person and may include medication, physical therapy, custom mouth guards

*You have two TMJs (temporomandibular joints) — one on each side of your face, just in front of your ears. Your TMJs connect your lower jawbone to your skull and help with movements like chewing and speaking.


*.Jaw pain.

*.Facial pain.

*.Shoulder or neck pain.

*.Stiffness in your jaw.

*.Difficulty opening or closing your mouth.

*.Jaw popping or clicking.





*.Tinnitus (ringing in your ears).

*.A change in the way your teeth fit together (malocclusion).


Chronic jaw clenching or grinding (bruxism) :Many people clench their jaws or grind their teeth during sleep. This is an involuntary behavior (done without thinking). Some people also clench their teeth during the day, especially when under stress.

Poor posture habits: A forward-head posture during activities, such as sitting, standing, cooking, and computer or cell phone use, may lead to tightness in the jaw and neck muscles. This can result in TMD.

Abnormal teeth alignment (malocclusion). This may affect the normal function of the TMJ due to an inadequate chewing pattern.

Jaw fracture :A broken jaw due to an accident or surgery will affect the function of TMJ.

Surgery: Pain, stiffness, and limited mouth opening after jaw or facial surgery may lead to TMD. A physical therapist skilled in treating people with TMD can help you restore proper jaw movement after surgery to the face, mouth, or jaw.

Trismus (lockjaw):A muscle spasm of the jaw after a lengthy dental procedure will limit your ability to open your mouth.

Displacement of the disc or soft-tissue cushion located between the ball and socket of the TMJ. This condition causes popping or clicking of the jaw and often leads to pain, and limits your ability to open your mouth.

Arthritis :Osteoarthritis, linked to joint overuse, can destroy the soft-tissues and change the shape and function of the jaw. Inflammation from rheumatoid arthritis, which causes the immune system to attack healthy tissue, and psoriatic arthritis, can damage the jaw.

Physiotherapy management

Laser Therapy

Laser Therapy is a non-invasive treatment physical therapists use to provide deep heat to tissues and enhance cellular mobility. In addition, it promotes healing by increasing blood flow and decreasing muscle tension and inflammation in the jaw muscles.

Manual Therapy:

Manual therapy aims to promote muscle relaxation, increase blood flow, and restore normal mobility to the temporomandibular joint. The TMJ is one of the most used joints in the body, opening and closing between 1,500 to 2,000 times daily.

Postural Instruction

Oftentimes, how we use our body can contribute to TMJ pain and discomfort. For example, poor posture increases tension in the jaw, neck, and shoulder muscles, placing excessive stress on the TMJ.

Dry Needling

Dry needling involves the insertion of fine needles into various muscles to promote the body’s natural healing processes. However, dry-needling is a medical intervention performed by a certified physical therapist to stimulate blood flow, reduce pain, and decrease inflammation. It can be a beneficial intervention to treat the symptoms associated with TMJ.

Jaw Exercises

Jaw exercise can help reduce TMJ pain by restoring muscle function and improving your range of motion. Exercises may include tongue placement, pressure application, resistance training, and isometric exercises. Regularly performing these exercises can strengthen jaw muscles, increase blood flow, and reduce inflammation.

Lifestyle modifications :  stress reduction techniques and dietary changes, may also complement your exercise program. A comprehensive treatment plan developed with a physical therapist can target all aspects of your TMJ pain, helping you achieve long-lasting relief and improved quality of life.

“At Arunalaya Healthcare, we pride ourselves on being the best physiotherapy center in Delhi. Our dedicated team of experts offers top-notch physiotherapy treatment tailored to your needs. Experience the difference with Arunalaya, the leading physiotherapy clinic in Delhi area. Our commitment to excellence ensures that you receive the best physiotherapy care possible. Trust Arunalaya Healthcare for the best physiotherapy treatment in Delhi.

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