Squinting of patella, also known as patellar tracking disorder or lateral patellar compression syndrome, is a condition in which the patella (kneecap) moves abnormally in its groove along the femur (thigh bone). Instead of tracking smoothly, the patella may shift to one side or the other, causing pain and discomfort in the knee joint.
Squinting of patella is often caused by muscular imbalances or weakness in the muscles that surround and support the knee joint, including the quadriceps and hamstrings. Activities that place repetitive stress on the knee joint, such as running, jumping, or squatting, can also contribute to the development of this condition.
Symptoms of squinting of patella can include:
Pain in the front of the knee, especially during activities such as climbing stairs or kneeling.
Swelling or tenderness around the patella.
A popping or grinding sensation when bending or straightening the knee.
Difficulty straightening or bending the knee fully.
Treatment for squinting of patella typically involves a combination of rest, physical therapy, and lifestyle modifications. Physical therapy can help strengthen the muscles around the knee joint and improve patellar alignment. Additionally, avoiding activities that exacerbate symptoms and wearing supportive braces or shoe inserts can also be helpful in managing this condition. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to realign the patella and restore proper tracking.