A syndesmotic ankle sprain, also known as a high ankle sprain, is a type of ankle sprain that occurs when the ligaments that connect the tibia and fibula bones in the lower leg are stretched or torn. These ligaments are located above the ankle joint and are responsible for keeping the bones in the leg stable.
Symptoms of a syndesmotic ankle sprain may include pain, swelling, and tenderness in the front of the ankle, as well as difficulty bearing weight on the affected foot. There may also be a sense of instability or a popping sensation when moving the ankle.
Rehabilitation exercises, including range of motion and strengthening exercises, may also be prescribed to promote healing and restore function to the ankle joint. It is important to follow the recommendations of your healthcare provider to ensure proper healing and prevent complications such as chronic instability or arthritis.
Some common causes include:
Sports injuries: Syndesmotic ankle sprains are most common in athletes who participate in high-impact or contact sports such as football, soccer, or basketball.
Trauma: A sudden, forceful impact or trauma to the ankle, such as a fall or car accident, can cause a syndesmotic ankle sprain.
Overuse: Repeated stress on the ankle, such as with repetitive jumping or running activities, can lead to a syndesmotic ankle sprain.
Ankle instability: People with chronic ankle instability or previous ankle sprains may be at higher risk for a syndesmotic ankle sprain.