Sever's disease, also known as calcaneal apophysitis, is a common cause of heel pain in growing children and adolescents. It occurs when the growth plate at the back of the heel bone (calcaneus) becomes inflamed, causing pain and discomfort.
The condition typically affects children between the ages of 8 and 14, especially those who are physically active and involved in sports. It is more common in boys than girls.
The exact cause of Sever's disease is not fully understood, but it is thought to be related to the stress placed on the heel bone during physical activity. Factors that may contribute to the development of the condition include rapid growth spurts, tight muscles or tendons, and excessive pronation (inward rolling) of the foot.
Symptoms of Sever's disease typically include heel pain, especially after physical activity, and tenderness or swelling at the back of the heel. The pain may be worse in the morning or after a period of inactivity, and may improve with rest
Treatment for Sever's disease typically involves rest, ice, and pain management, as well as stretching and strengthening exercises to address any underlying muscular or skeletal imbalances. In more severe cases, a cast or walking boot may be necessary to immobilize the foot and allow for proper healing. It is important to seek medical attention if your child is experiencing persistent heel pain or discomfort.