Sacroiliac joint syndrome refers to a condition in which there is pain or dysfunction in the sacroiliac joint, which is located in the lower back and connects the sacrum (the triangular bone at the bottom of the spine) to the pelvis.
This condition can be caused by a number of factors, including injury, arthritis, pregnancy, or anatomic abnormalities. Symptoms can include lower back pain, buttock pain, hip pain, and pain that radiates down the leg. Additionally, some people may experience stiffness or a sensation of instability in the lower back or hips.
Diagnosis of sacroiliac joint syndrome typically involves a physical exam, medical history, and imaging tests such as X-rays or MRIs. Treatment options may include rest, physical therapy, medications, or injections to reduce pain and inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying problem causing the sacroiliac joint pain.
Treatment options may include:
Rest and activity modification: Avoiding activities that aggravate the pain and resting the affected area can help to reduce inflammation and promote healing.
Physical therapy: A physical therapist can provide exercises and stretches to help improve range of motion, strengthen the muscles supporting the sacroiliac joint, and improve posture.
Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) may be recommended to help manage pain and inflammation.
Steroid injections: Corticosteroid injections may be recommended to help reduce inflammation and relieve pain.