Peroneal tendon subluxation is a condition that occurs when one or both of the peroneal tendons in the ankle move out of their normal position. The peroneal tendons are located on the outer side of the ankle and are responsible for stabilizing the ankle and foot during movement.
When the peroneal tendons become unstable, they can slide in and out of their normal position, causing pain, swelling, and weakness in the ankle. This can occur due to a variety of reasons, including injury, overuse, or a structural abnormality in the ankle.
Symptoms of peroneal tendon subluxation may include a popping or snapping sensation in the ankle, swelling, pain on the outer side of the ankle, weakness, and instability in the ankle. Treatment for peroneal tendon subluxation may include rest, ice, compression, elevation, physical therapy, bracing, and in severe cases, surgery.
The treatment for peroneal tendon subluxation will depend on the severity of the condition and the underlying cause. Here are some common treatment options:
Rest: Resting the affected ankle is often the first step in treating peroneal tendon subluxation. This may include reducing or avoiding activities that aggravate the condition.
Ice and compression: Applying ice and compression to the affected ankle can help reduce swelling and relieve pain.
Physical therapy: Physical therapy exercises can help strengthen the muscles and tendons in the ankle, reducing the risk of further injury and improving stability.
Bracing: Wearing a brace or splint can help stabilize the ankle and prevent the peroneal tendons from slipping out of place.