A concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that occurs when a blow to the head or body causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth, leading to chemical changes in the brain and sometimes damage to brain cells. Concussions can also occur from a fall or other impact that causes the head to move rapidly back and forth, even if there is no direct impact to the head.
Concussions can range in severity from mild to severe, and symptoms may not always be immediately apparent. Common symptoms of a concussion can include:
Treatment for a concussion typically involves rest and avoiding activities that could exacerbate symptoms, such as physical activity, computer use, or bright lights. In some cases, medication may be prescribed to manage symptoms such as headaches or nausea. In more severe cases, hospitalization or surgery may be necessary.
It is important to seek medical attention if you suspect that you or someone else has suffered a concussion, as prompt treatment can help prevent further damage and ensure a smoother recovery.