Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) is a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently to meet the body's demands. It is also known as heart failure. When the heart fails to pump efficiently, blood and fluid can back up in the lungs, causing symptoms such as shortness of breath and coughing. Fluid can also accumulate in the legs and abdomen, causing swelling.
There are two main types of congestive cardiac failure: systolic and diastolic. Systolic heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to contract effectively and pump enough blood out to the body, while diastolic heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to relax enough to fill with blood properly.
There are several causes of congestive cardiac failure, including coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, valve disease, and heart muscle disease (cardiomyopathy). Other factors that can contribute to the development of CCF include obesity, diabetes, and sleep apnea.
Treatment for congestive cardiac failure typically involves medications to improve the heart's pumping ability and reduce fluid buildup, as well as lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, and reducing salt intake. In some cases, surgery or a heart transplant may be necessary. Early detection and management of congestive cardiac failure can help improve outcomes and quality of life for those affected by the condition.