Cyclists knee, also known as patellofemoral pain syndrome, is a common condition affecting cyclists and other athletes who engage in activities that involve repeated knee flexion, such as running, jumping, and cycling. It is characterized by pain in the front of the knee, especially around the kneecap (patella).
Cyclist's knee is typically caused by an imbalance in the muscles surrounding the knee joint, which can cause the patella to rub against the femur (thigh bone) and become inflamed. This can lead to pain, swelling, and difficulty with movement.
Other factors that can contribute to cyclist's knee include overuse or repetitive strain on the knee joint, improper bike fit or technique, and weak or tight muscles in the hips, thighs, or calves.
Symptoms of cyclist's knee may include:
Treatment for cyclist's knee may include rest, ice, and anti-inflammatory medication to help reduce pain and swelling. Physical therapy may also be recommended to help strengthen the muscles around the knee joint and improve flexibility. In some cases, a knee brace or taping may be recommended to help support the knee during activity. It is also important to address any underlying factors, such as bike fit or technique, to prevent further injury. In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to correct structural issues in the knee joint.