Cervical spondylosis is age-related wear and tear of the intervertebral discs in the neck. It is also known as cervical osteoarthritis or degenerative disc disease of the cervical spine.
This narrows the spinal canal and compresses the spinal cord and nerve roots in the neck, which can cause symptoms such as:
-neck pain-rigidity-headache-dizzy-Numbness or numbness in arms and hands-weakness of arms and hands-loss of balance or coordination
Cervical spondylosis is mainly caused by the natural aging process and wear and tear of the cervical spine. Some of the most common causes of cervical spondylosis are:
Aging: With age, the intervertebral discs gradually lose water, become less flexible and thinner, leading to degeneration of the cervical spine.
Repetitive Strain: Repetitive strain on the neck from activities such as working at the computer, driving a car for long periods of time, or certain sports such as soccer can lead to cervical spondylosis.
Neck injury: A previous neck injury or accident can damage the cervical spine and increase the risk of cervical spondylosis.
Genetics: Some people may be predisposed to cervical spondylosis due to genetic factors.
Treatment of cervical spondylosis depends on the severity of the condition and individual symptoms. Here are some common treatment options:
Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help reduce pain, improve neck mobility, and strengthen neck muscles. Techniques such as manual therapy, exercise, and heat and cold therapy can be used to achieve these goals.
Medications: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and muscle relaxants can help relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Neck Brace: A soft cervical collar or neck brace may be recommended to support the neck and reduce pain. Steroid Injections: Injecting corticosteroids into the affected area can help reduce inflammation and pain.