A Colles fracture is a common type of wrist fracture that occurs when the radius bone in the forearm near the wrist breaks. It is usually caused by falling on an outstretched hand, which can cause the wrist to bend backwards.
Colles fractures are common in older people, especially women with osteoporosis, who have weaker bones and are more likely to fracture. Symptoms of a Colles fracture include severe pain, swelling, and difficulty moving the wrist or hand. Treatment usually involves immobilizing the wrist with a cast or splint to allow the bone to heal and sometimes surgery. If a wrist fracture is suspected, it is important to see a doctor because early treatment can help prevent complications and promote healing.
Below are some treatment options for Colles fractures.
Immobilization: If the fractured bone is not too dislocated, a cast or splint can be used to immobilize the wrist and allow the bone to heal. He may need to wear a cast or splint for several weeks and may have X-rays taken of him periodically to monitor the healing process.Repositioning: If the fractured bone is severely displaced, the doctor may need to put the bone back in place. This is a process called relocation. This can be done under local anesthesia, sedation, or general anesthesia.Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be needed to repair the fracture. Surgery may be recommended if the bone is severely displaced, if surrounding ligaments or tendons are damaged, or if other complications develop.Rehabilitation: After removing the cast or splint, physical therapy may be recommended to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion in the wrist and hand.