Acetabulum Fracture

Acetabulum Fracture

| Acetabulum Fracture
What is acetabulum fracture ?

The acetabulum is the part of the pelvis that forms the socket of the hip joint. An acetabulum fracture is a type of hip fracture that occurs when the bone of the acetabulum is broken. This type of fracture is usually caused by a high-energy traumatic event such as a car accident or a fall from a height.


Acetabulum fractures are typically caused by high-energy traumatic events, such as:

  1. Motor vehicle accidents: Collisions involving cars, trucks, motorcycles, or bicycles can cause significant force to be applied to the hip joint, leading to an acetabulum fracture.
  2. Falls from a height: Falls from a significant height, such as from a ladder, roof, or balcony, can cause significant impact to the hip joint and may result in an acetabulum fracture.
  3. Sports injuries: Athletes who participate in contact sports such as football, rugby, and ice hockey are at risk for hip injuries including acetabulum fractures.
  4. Work-related injuries: Certain occupations such as construction, mining, and firefighting involve physical demands and increased risk for falls and traumatic injuries.
  5. Violence: Assault and physical altercations can result in significant trauma to the hip joint and may cause an acetabulum fracture.

Treatment for an acetabulum fracture typically involves surgery to realign the bone and stabilize the hip joint. The specific surgical approach and technique used will depend on the type and severity of the fracture. Some common surgical treatments for acetabulum fractures include:

  1. Open reduction and internal fixation: This involves making an incision to access the broken bone fragments and using plates, screws, or wires to hold the bone in place while it heals.
  2. Closed reduction and percutaneous fixation: This involves using minimally invasive techniques to realign the broken bone fragments and inserting screws or wires through the skin to hold the bone in place.
  3. Total hip replacement: In cases where the hip joint is severely damaged or the acetabulum fracture is complex, a total hip replacement may be necessary to restore function and stability to the hip joint.

Physical therapy plays a critical role in the treatment and rehabilitation of patients with an acetabulum fracture. A physical therapist can help patients regain mobility, strength, and function of the hip joint and lower extremity, as well as manage pain and swelling during the recovery period.

A physical therapy program for acetabulum fracture typically begins soon after surgery or injury, and may include the following components:

  1. Range of motion exercises: This involves gentle movements and stretches to improve flexibility and mobility of the hip joint and surrounding muscles.
  2. Strengthening exercises: This involves exercises to strengthen the muscles of the hip, thigh, and lower leg to improve stability and support of the hip joint.
  3. Balance and coordination training: This involves exercises to improve balance, coordination, and proprioception (awareness of body position and movement) to help reduce the risk of falls and improve overall function.
  4. Gait training: This involves working with the patient to improve their ability to walk safely and effectively, with or without an assistive device such as crutches or a walker



Physiotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of ankle strains by helping to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion to the ankle joint. Depending on the severity of the strain, your physiotherapy treatment plan may include some or all of the following:

  1. Range of motion exercises: These exercises involve moving the ankle joint through a full range of motion to improve flexibility and reduce stiffness.

  2. Strengthening exercises: Strengthening exercises target the muscles around the ankle joint to help improve stability and prevent future injuries.

  3. Balance and proprioception training: Balance and proprioception exercises can help improve the overall function of the ankle joint and reduce the risk of falls.

  4. Gait training: If you are experiencing difficulty walking due to your ankle strain, gait training can help improve your walking pattern and reduce pain while walking.

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