Pes Planus

Pes Planus

| Pes Planus
WHAT IS Pes Planus ?

Pes planus, also known as flat feet or fallen arches, is a foot deformity where the arch of the foot collapses and the sole of the foot becomes completely or almost completely in contact with the ground when standing. This condition can affect one or both feet and can bCAUSESe present at birth or develop later in life.

There are two types of pes planus - flexible and rigid. Flexible pes planus is when the arch of the foot appears to be normal when the foot is not bearing weight, but collapses when weight is placed on the foot. Rigid pes planus, on the other hand, is when the arch of the foot remains flat even when the foot is not bearing weight.


Pes planus, or flat feet, can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  1. Genetics: Flat feet can be an inherited trait, passed down from parents to their children.
  2. Weak arches: Some people are born with weak arches or lack the necessary ligaments and tendons to properly support the arches of their feet.
  3. Foot injuries: Injuries to the foot, such as fractures or sprains, can cause flat feet or contribute to their development.
  4. Medical conditions: Certain medical conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis, diabetes, or nerve problems, can contribute to the development of flat feet.
  5. Obesity: Being overweight or obese can put extra stress on the feet, which can contribute to the development of flat feet.
  6. Aging: As people age, the ligaments and tendons in the feet can weaken, causing the arches to collapse

Physiotherapy can play an important role in the treatment of pes planus or flat feet. A physiotherapist can assess the individual's condition and create a treatment plan that is tailored to their specific needs. Some of the ways that physiotherapy can help with pes planus include:

  1. Strengthening exercises: A physiotherapist can prescribe exercises to strengthen the muscles in the feet, ankles, and legs. Strengthening these muscles can help improve the alignment of the feet and reduce symptoms.
  2. Stretching exercises: Stretching exercises can help improve flexibility in the feet and reduce tightness in the muscles and tendons.
  3. Manual therapy: Manual therapy techniques such as massage or mobilization can help reduce pain and stiffness in the feet and improve circulation.
  4. Gait analysis: A physiotherapist can assess the individual's gait and make recommendations for changes in posture or walking patterns to improve alignment and reduce symptoms.
  5. Education and advice: A physiotherapist can provide education and advice on proper footwear, orthotics, and other lifestyle modifications that can help reduce symptoms and prevent further complications.
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