An elbow fracture refers to a break or crack in one or more of the bones that make up the elbow joint. The elbow is made up of three bones: the humerus (upper arm bone), the radius (forearm bone on the thumb side), and the ulna (forearm bone on the pinky side).
Elbow fractures can occur from a variety of causes, such as a fall onto an outstretched arm, a direct blow to the elbow, or a twisting injury. Symptoms of an elbow fracture may include severe pain, swelling, bruising, stiffness, difficulty moving the elbow, and visible deformity or abnormal positioning of the elbow.
Treatment for an elbow fracture depends on the severity and type of fracture, but may include immobilization with a cast or brace, physical therapy, or surgery. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to ensure proper healing and prevent long-term complications such as stiffness, limited range of motion, or chronic pain.