Elbow osteoarthritis is a condition that occurs when the protective cartilage on the ends of the bones in the elbow joint wears down over time, leading to pain, stiffness, and loss of function in the joint. Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis and can affect any joint in the body, including the elbow.
The exact cause of elbow osteoarthritis is not known, but risk factors include aging, previous joint injuries or surgeries, and certain medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment for elbow osteoarthritis typically involves a combination of non-surgical interventions and lifestyle changes, such as rest, physical therapy, pain relief medication, and the use of assistive devices to support the joint. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to remove damaged tissue, replace the joint, or fuse the bones together to provide stability. Early diagnosis and treatment can help manage symptoms and prevent further joint damage.