Disc herniation

Disc herniation

| Disc herniation
What is Disc herniation ?

Disc herniation, also known as a slipped or ruptured disc, occurs when the soft, gel-like center (nucleus pulposus) of an intervertebral disc in the spine protrudes through a tear in the outer layer (annulus fibrosus). This can put pressure on nearby nerves, causing pain, numbness, and weakness.


Common causes of disc herniation include:

  • Age-related wear and tear on the discs
  • Repetitive movements or heavy lifting that puts stress on the spine
  • Sudden, traumatic injuries such as a fall or car accident

Symptoms of disc herniation can include:

  • Pain in the affected area of the spine that may radiate to the arms or legs
  • Numbness or tingling in the arms or legs
  • Weakness in the arms or legs
  • Difficulty with bowel or bladder function (in severe cases)

Treatment for disc herniation may include:

  • Rest and avoiding activities that worsen the symptoms
  • Physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around the spine and improve flexibility
  • Medications to manage pain and inflammation
  • Injections of corticosteroids or other medications into the spine to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Surgery to remove the herniated disc (in severe cases)

Treatment will depend on the severity of the symptoms and the location of the herniated disc. A healthcare professional can provide a proper diagnosis and recommend the appropriate treatment plan.

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