Degenerative disc disease

Degenerative disc disease

| Degenerative disc di
What is degenerative dics disease ?

Degenerative disc disease (DDD) is a condition that occurs when the intervertebral discs that cushion the vertebrae in the spine start to break down and deteriorate over time. The intervertebral discs are made up of a soft, gel-like center (the nucleus pulposus) surrounded by a tough outer layer (the annulus fibrosus).

As we age, the discs lose water content and elasticity, which can lead to tears in the annulus fibrosus and bulging or herniated discs. These changes can cause pain, stiffness, and reduced mobility in the spine.


Degenerative disc disease can also be caused by injuries to the spine, such as from lifting heavy objects or participating in high-impact activities.


Symptoms of degenerative disc disease can include:

  • Back pain that worsens with sitting, bending, or lifting
  • Stiffness and reduced range of motion in the spine
  • Numbness or tingling in the legs or arms (if the herniated disc is pressing on a nerve)

Treatment for degenerative disc disease can include:

  • Physical therapy to strengthen the muscles around the spine and improve flexibility
  • Medications to manage pain and inflammation
  • Injections of corticosteroids or other medications into the spine to reduce inflammation and pain
  • Surgery to remove the damaged disc and fuse the vertebrae together (in severe cases)
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