Scapular dyskinesia refers to abnormal movements or positioning of the scapula (shoulder blade) that can lead to pain, weakness, and dysfunction in the shoulder and surrounding areas. Scapular dyskinesia is often caused by muscle imbalances or weakness in the muscles that control scapular movement.
The scapula is an important bone in the shoulder that helps to anchor the muscles of the shoulder girdle and provides stability and support during movement. When there is dysfunction in the movement or position of the scapula, it can lead to a variety of symptoms including:
Scapular dyskinesia can be caused by a variety of factors including poor posture, repetitive overhead movements, shoulder injuries, and muscle imbalances. In some cases, scapular dyskinesia may also be associated with psychological factors such as anxiety and stress.
Treatment for scapular dyskinesia typically involves a combination of therapies aimed at improving scapular positioning and movement, reducing pain and associated symptoms, and addressing any underlying muscle imbalances. Treatment options may include:
Exercise therapy: Exercise therapy can help improve muscle strength and coordination in the muscles that control scapular movement.
Postural re-education: Postural re-education can help individuals with scapular dyskinesia learn to maintain proper posture and avoid movements or positions that exacerbate their symptoms.
Manual therapy: Manual therapy techniques such as mobilization and soft tissue massage can help improve scapular movement and reduce pain and stiffness.
Pain management techniques: Pain management techniques such as heat or ice therapy, electrical stimulation, and acupuncture may be used to reduce pain and improve function.