Congestive heart failure

Congestive heart failure

| Congestive heart fai
What is Congestive heart failure ?

Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a condition in which the heart can't pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. It can be caused by a variety of underlying conditions, such as coronary artery disease, high blood pressure, heart valve disease, or previous heart attacks.


When the heart can't pump enough blood, fluid can build up in the lungs, liver, and other tissues, causing symptoms such as:

  • Shortness of breath, especially with physical activity or when lying down
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, or abdomen
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Decreased ability to exercise or perform physical activities

Treatment for CHF may include lifestyle changes, such as reducing salt intake, exercising regularly, and avoiding alcohol and tobacco, as well as medications to control symptoms, improve heart function, and reduce the risk of complications. In some cases, procedures such as angioplasty or heart valve surgery may be necessary to improve blood flow and correct underlying heart problems.

It's important to work closely with a healthcare provider to develop an individualized treatment plan for CHF and to monitor symptoms and make adjustments to treatment as needed. With proper management, many people with CHF are able to live active and fulfilling lives.

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