Valvular surgery is a type of cardiac surgery that involves repairing or replacing a heart valve that is not functioning properly. Heart valves are responsible for regulating the flow of blood through the heart and into the body. When a valve is damaged or diseased, it can interfere with the normal flow of blood, which can lead to a variety of symptoms and complications.
Valvular surgery is typically performed under general anesthesia and involves making an incision in the chest to access the heart. After the surgery, patients will need to spend several days in the hospital for recovery and monitoring. Recovery time can vary depending on the specific procedure and the individual patient's health.
Following valvular surgery, patients will need to make certain lifestyle changes, such as following a heart-healthy diet, getting regular exercise, and taking medications as prescribed by their healthcare provider. Regular follow-up appointments with a healthcare provider will also be necessary to monitor the patient's progress and make any necessary adjustments to treatment.
The specific physiotherapy treatment plan will depend on the individual patient's needs, but may include the following:
Breathing exercises: After surgery, patients may experience difficulty breathing due to pain or reduced lung function. Breathing exercises can help improve lung function and reduce the risk of postoperative complications.
Cardiovascular exercises: Gradual increases in physical activity can help improve cardiovascular function and reduce the risk of complications such as blood clots and pneumonia.
Range of motion exercises: Range of motion exercises can help improve joint flexibility and reduce stiffness after surgery. These exercises may include gentle stretching and joint mobilization.
Strength training: Strength training exercises can help improve overall physical function and reduce the risk of falls or other accidents. These exercises may include resistance training with weights or resistance bands.