Vestibular disorders are a group of conditions that affect the inner ear and the vestibular system, which is responsible for maintaining balance and spatial orientation.
These disorders can cause a range of symptoms such as
loss of balance
Some common types of vestibular disorders include:
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV): This is caused by tiny calcium particles in the inner ear that become dislodged and disrupt the balance system.
Vestibular neuritis or labyrinthitis: These are caused by inflammation of the inner ear, often due to a viral infection.
Meniere's disease: This is a chronic condition that causes episodes of vertigo, ringing in the ears, and hearing loss.
Perilymphatic fistula: This is a tear or defect in the thin membrane that separates the middle ear from the fluid-filled inner ear.
Acoustic neuroma: This is a benign tumor that can develop on the nerve that controls balance and hearing.
Treatment for vestibular disorders depends on the underlying cause and may include medication, vestibular rehabilitation therapy, surgery, or other interventions. A healthcare provider or vestibular specialist can help diagnose and develop an appropriate treatment plan for individuals with vestibular disorders.