VBI stands for vertebrobasilar insufficiency, which is a condition that occurs when there is a reduced blood flow through the vertebral and/or basilar arteries, which supply the back of the brain. This reduced blood flow can cause symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, double vision, and problems with balance and coordination.
PVD stands for peripheral vascular disease, which is a condition that occurs when there is a reduced blood flow to the arms or legs due to narrowed or blocked blood vessels. This reduced blood flow can cause symptoms such as pain, numbness, tingling, weakness, and cramping in the affected limbs.
Both VBI and PVD are caused by atherosclerosis, which is a buildup of plaque in the blood vessels that can restrict blood flow. Risk factors for atherosclerosis include high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, and diabetes.
Treatment for VBI and PVD depends on the severity of the condition and may include lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet, exercise, and quitting smoking, as well as medications to control blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar. In more severe cases, surgery or other interventions may be necessary to improve blood flow and prevent complications. It is important to see a healthcare provider if you experience symptoms of VBI or PVD, as prompt treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.