The supraspinatus is a muscle that is located in the shoulder and is one of the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff. A supraspinatus tear is a tear or rupture of the tendon that attaches the supraspinatus muscle to the top of the shoulder bone.
A supraspinatus tear can be caused by a variety of factors, such as:
The symptoms of a supraspinatus tear can include:
Pain in the shoulder: Pain may be felt at the front or side of the shoulder, and may be worsened by movements such as lifting or reaching.
Weakness in the shoulder: A tear in the supraspinatus muscle can cause weakness in the shoulder, making it difficult to lift or carry objects.
Limited range of motion: A person with a supraspinatus tear may have difficulty moving their arm, especially when trying to lift it above shoulder level.
Shoulder stiffness: Stiffness in the shoulder joint is another common symptom of a supraspinatus tear.
Treatment options may include:
Rest and activity modification: Resting the shoulder and avoiding activities that worsen the symptoms can help reduce pain and prevent further damage to the muscle.
Physical therapy: A physical therapist can teach exercises to help strengthen the muscles in the shoulder and improve range of motion.
Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications or prescription painkillers can help manage pain and inflammation.
Corticosteroid injections: Injections of corticosteroids can help reduce inflammation and pain in the shoulder joint.