Acute lumbago, also known as acute low back pain, is a sudden onset of pain in the lower back that can range from mild to severe intensity. It is a common condition that affects millions of people worldwide and can be caused by various factors such as lifting heavy objects, sudden movements, poor posture, or injury.
Symptoms of acute lumbago include stiffness, tenderness, and pain in the lower back. The pain can also radiate to the buttocks, thighs, and legs, and can be accompanied by muscle spasms and difficulty in moving or standing up straight.
Most cases of acute lumbago resolve within a few days or weeks with conservative treatments such as rest, over-the-counter pain relievers, and physical therapy. However, in some cases, it can become chronic, lasting for months or even years, and may require more intensive treatment such as medication, injections, or surgery.
Acute lumbago, or acute low back pain, can be caused by various factors, including:
Muscle or ligament strain: The most common cause of acute lumbago is a strain or sprain in the muscles or ligaments of the lower back due to sudden movements, lifting heavy objects, or poor posture.
Herniated or bulging discs: Discs in the spine can herniate or bulge, putting pressure on nearby nerves and causing pain.
Spinal stenosis: A narrowing of the spinal canal that can put pressure on the nerves and cause pain.
Osteoarthritis: Wear and tear of the joints in the spine can cause arthritis, leading to inflammation and pain.
Here are some common treatment options:
Rest: Resting for a few days can help reduce pain and inflammation in the lower back.
Pain relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, or naproxen can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
Heat or cold therapy: Applying heat or cold to the affected area can help reduce pain and stiffness.
Physical therapy: A physical therapist can teach exercises to help strengthen the back muscles and improve flexibility, reducing the risk of future injuries.