Types of spondylolisthesis include:
Less common types of spondylolisthesis include:
Grades of spondylolisthesis
High-grade (grade iii and grade iv)
Isometric and isotonic exercises beneficial for strengthening of the main muscles of the trunk, which stabilize the spine. These techniques may also play a role in pain reduction
Useful in reducing pain and disability in chronic low back pain in patient with spondylolisthesis.
antilordotic movement patterns of the spine
elastic band exercises in the lying position.
Objective of stretching and strengthening is to decrease the extension forces on the lumbar spine,
Stretching exercises of the hamstrings, hip flexors and lumbar paraspinal muscles are important.
Sensomotoric training on unstable devices
Walking in all variations,
Endurance training of muscles
Effective for chronic low back pain.
Athletes with spondylolysis and first-degree spondylolisthesis can take part in all sports activities.
are a set of exercises that decrease lumbar extension and focuses on lumbar flexion. These include
Spondylolisthesis is a spinal condition in which one vertebra in the spinal column slips forward over the vertebra below it. This can occur anywhere along the spine, but it most commonly occurs in the lower back (lumbar spine). Spondylolisthesis is classified into different grades based on the degree of slippage, with grade I indicating a mild slip and grade V indicating a complete slip.