Coccydynia, also known as tailbone pain, is a medical condition characterized by pain and discomfort in the coccyx or tailbone. The coccyx is the small bone at the bottom of the spine, located between the buttocks.
Coccydynia can be caused by various factors, including:
Trauma: A direct injury or fall onto the tailbone can cause coccydynia.
Repetitive strain: Activities that involve sitting for prolonged periods, such as cycling or rowing, can put pressure on the tailbone and cause coccydynia.
Childbirth: The coccyx can be injured during childbirth due to pressure on the tailbone.
Poor posture: Slouching or sitting with poor posture can put extra pressure on the coccyx and cause pain
Symptoms of coccydynia may include:
Pain and tenderness in the tailbone area
Pain that worsens with sitting or prolonged sitting
Pain during bowel movements or sex
Aching pain in the buttocks
Stiffness in the lower back and hips
Pain management: Over-the-counter pain medications, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, can help alleviate pain and reduce inflammation.
Physical therapy: Stretching and strengthening exercises, massage, or other physical therapy techniques can help relieve pain and improve flexibility.
Changes in posture: Avoiding prolonged sitting, using cushions or pillows to support the tailbone, and practicing good posture can help relieve pressure on the coccyx.
Injections: In some cases, corticosteroid injections may be used to reduce pain and inflammation.