Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a condition that causes pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint. It typically develops gradually over time and can affect anyone, but it is more common in people over 40 years old and in those with certain medical conditions, such as diabetes or thyroid problems.
The exact cause of frozen shoulder is not known, but it is thought to be caused by inflammation and thickening of the capsule surrounding the shoulder joint. This can result in scar tissue formation and reduced mobility of the joint.
The symptoms of frozen shoulder include pain and stiffness in the shoulder joint, which can make it difficult to perform everyday tasks such as dressing, reaching, or sleeping. The pain is often worse at night and can interfere with sleep. Over time, the shoulder joint may become "frozen" or immobilized, making movement even more difficult.
Treatment for frozen shoulder typically involves a combination of physical therapy exercises to improve range of motion and reduce pain, along with pain relief medications and sometimes corticosteroid injections to reduce inflammation. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to release the scar tissue and improve mobility of the joint.
Prevention of frozen shoulder involves maintaining good posture, performing shoulder exercises to improve flexibility and strength, and avoiding overuse of the shoulder joint. Early diagnosis and treatment of frozen shoulder can help prevent the development of chronic pain and long-term complications.