Motor neuron disease (MND), also known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig's disease, is a progressive neurological disorder that affects the nerve cells responsible for controlling voluntary muscles. As the disease progresses, these nerve cells, called motor neurons, gradually degenerate and die, leading to weakness, stiffness, and ultimately, paralysis of the muscles they control.
Symptoms of motor neuron disease may include:
The cause of motor neuron disease is not entirely clear, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. In some cases, the disease may be inherited.
There is currently no cure for motor neuron disease, and treatment is aimed at managing symptoms and improving quality of life. This may include: