Plantar fasciitis is a common foot condition that occurs when the plantar fascia, a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes, becomes inflamed and irritated. This condition can cause pain and discomfort in the heel and bottom of the foot, especially when standing, walking, or running.
Plantar fasciitis is typically caused by overuse or repetitive strain on the plantar fascia, such as from running or jumping activities, prolonged standing or walking, or wearing shoes with poor arch support. Other factors that may contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis include obesity, flat feet, high arches, and tight calf muscles.
Symptoms of plantar fasciitis typically include sharp or stabbing pain in the heel or bottom of the foot, especially with the first steps in the morning or after prolonged periods of sitting or standing. The pain may also worsen with activity and improve with rest.
Treatment for plantar fasciitis typically involves conservative measures, such as rest, icing, stretching exercises, and wearing shoes with good arch support. Over-the-counter pain medications or corticosteroid injections may also be used to relieve pain and inflammation. In severe cases, surgery may be necessary to release the tension on the plantar fascia. With appropriate treatment, most people with plantar fasciitis can recover within a few months.