A pelvis fracture is a break in one or more of the bones that make up the pelvis, which is the large bony structure that forms the base of the spine and supports the weight of the upper body. The pelvis is made up of several bones, including the ilium, ischium, and pubis, which are held together by strong ligaments and muscles.
Pelvic fractures can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
Trauma: Pelvic fractures are often caused by high-energy trauma, such as a car accident, fall from a significant height, or sports-related injury.
Osteoporosis: Weakening of the bones due to osteoporosis can make them more susceptible to fractures, including in the pelvis.
Repetitive stress: Repetitive stress from activities such as running or jumping can cause stress fractures in the pelvis over time.
Symptoms of a pelvic fracture can include pain, swelling, bruising, difficulty walking or standing, and numbness or tingling in the legs. Treatment may involve rest, pain medication, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery to stabilize the bones. It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a pelvic fracture, as prompt treatment can help prevent complications and improve outcomes.
Treatment options include:
Non-surgical treatment: Stable fractures may be treated with non-surgical methods such as rest, pain medication, and immobilization with a brace or cast. Physical therapy may also be recommended to improve mobility and strength.
Surgical treatment: Unstable fractures may require surgical treatment to stabilize the bones and allow for proper healing. This may involve internal fixation with screws, plates, or rods to hold the bones in place.
Rehabilitation: After treatment, rehabilitation is important to help restore mobility and strength. Physical therapy and/or occupational therapy may be recommended to help the patient regain their ability to walk and perform daily activities.
Pain management: Pain management is an important aspect of treatment, especially in the early stages of recovery. Pain medication, nerve blocks, or other pain management techniques may be used to help manage pain and improve comfort.