How do you know if you have a heel spur?

Heel spurs develop over time; they don’t magically appear.

Repetitive strain on your muscles and ligaments in the foot and heel can lead to a heel spur, a bony buildup of calcium on the heel that can form and cause pain.

There are two types of heel spurs: an inferior calcaneal spur, which results from ongoing stress to the bottom of the heel and grows between the heel and the arch of the foot; and a posterior calcaneal spur, which is the result of repeated trauma to the back of the heel where the Achilles tendon is attached.

  • Peroneal tendonitis
  • Haglund’s deformity
  • Sever’s disease (calcaneal apophysitis i.e, inflammation of the calcaneal apophysis )
  • Traumatic influences:- calcanium fractures
  • Limited ROM of ankle
  • Tenderness
  • Deformity (deformity)
  • Atrophy
  • Foot alignment different from other foot

There are several conservative treatments you can do to manage your symptoms such as pain and inflammation

  • Padding and strapping of the foot
  • Insoles
  • Ice
  • Manual therapy
  • Deep tissue release promote mobility and relieve pain.
  • Night splints

Many people find quick and effective results by using night splints. They can be worn while sleeping to stretch the plantar fascia. 

  • ESWT

This is a noninvasive treatment that uses high-energy shockwave impulses to repair plantar fascia tissue. While results aren’t consistent, it’s sometimes used to see if surgery can be prevented.

  • Cryoultrasound therapy
  • Cryotherapy are both effective for treating chronic plantar fasciitis with heel spurs. Cryoultrasound therapy appears to offer better outcomes.

Cryoultrasound therapy may help to treat pain in people who have both plantar fasciitis and heel spurs. This technique uses electromagnetic energy and cold therapy to relieve pain.

  • Thermotherapy

Cold therapy may be used to relieve inflammation and reduce pain.
   Heat therapy to loosen tense muscles and promote oxygen and blood flow to the affected area.

 Thermotherapy might be useful for the reduction of pain during exercises.

  • Low level laser

Low level laser therapy is found to be an effective method for treating heel spurs.

Conventional therapy

Conventional therapy includes :-

  • Ultrasound
  • laser treatment
  • passive and active stretching
  • Foot flex
  • Calf stretch on stepper
  • strengthening of the muscles of the legs
  • Tow towel grab
  • Wall squat
  • Golf ball roll
  • cold and hot applications (Contrast Bath)
  • Orthotics
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