Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome (PFPS), also known as runner's knee or jumper's knee, is a common condition that causes pain and discomfort in the front of the knee, around the patella (kneecap) and the femur (thigh bone). It is a condition that affects people of all ages and activity levels.
The exact causes of PFPS are not fully understood, but several factors may contribute to the condition, including:
Overuse: Repetitive activities that put stress on the knee joint can cause irritation and inflammation of the patellofemoral joint.
Muscle imbalances: Weakness or tightness in the muscles around the knee joint can cause improper tracking of the kneecap, leading to increased pressure and friction on the joint.
Malalignment: Abnormal alignment of the knee joint, such as a turned-in knee or flat feet, can also contribute to PFPS.
Injuries: Previous injuries to the knee, such as a ligament or meniscus tear, can increase the risk of developing PFPS.
Aging: As we age, the cartilage in the knee joint may become worn or damaged, leading to PFPS.
Treatment for PFPS may include rest, ice, compression, and elevation of the affected knee, as well as physical therapy to help improve muscle strength and flexibility. Pain medication or anti-inflammatory drugs may also be prescribed to manage pain and inflammation. In some cases, bracing or taping of the knee may be recommended to help support the joint and reduce stress on the patellofemoral joint.
It is important to seek medical attention if you experience persistent knee pain or swelling, as prompt diagnosis and treatment can help prevent further damage and ensure a smoother recovery.