A herniated disc, also known as a slipped disc or ruptured disc, is a condition that occurs when the soft, gel-like material inside a spinal disc protrudes through a tear in the outer, fibrous layer. The herniated disc can put pressure on nearby nerves, causing pain, numbness, or weakness in the affected area.
The spinal discs are the cushions between the vertebrae of the spine. A herniated disc can occur anywhere along the spine, but it is most common in the lower back (lumbar spine) and neck (cervical spine)
Some common causes of a herniated disc include:
The symptoms of a herniated disc may vary depending on the location and severity of the herniation. Common symptoms include:
Treatment for a herniated disc may include:
The prognosis for a herniated disc varies, but many people experience significant relief of symptoms with conservative treatments. It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have a herniated disc, as untreated herniations can lead to chronic pain and neurological deficits.
A back strain is a common injury that affects the muscles and tendons in the back. It typically occurs when the muscles in the back are overused or overstretched, leading to microscopic tears in the muscle fibers. Back strains can occur in any part of the back, but they are most commonly seen in the lower back (lumbar spine).
Back strains are often caused by sudden movements, heavy lifting, or poor posture, but they can also develop gradually over time from repetitive strain or overuse
back strain may include:
Treatment for a back strain may include:
The prognosis for a back strain is generally good, and most people experience significant improvement with conservative treatments. However, it's important to seek medical attention if you experience severe or persistent pain, as it could be a sign of a more serious underlying condition.