The meniscus is a piece of cartilage that acts as a cushion between the thigh bone (femur) and shinbone (tibia) in the knee joint. A torn meniscus occurs when this cartilage is damaged or torn due to a sudden twisting or rotation of the knee joint.
A torn meniscus can cause a range of symptoms, including pain, swelling, stiffness, and limited range of motion. In some cases, a piece of the torn meniscus may move into the joint, causing the knee to lock or catch.
There are several types of meniscus tears, including:
Treatment for a torn meniscus depends on the severity and location of the tear. In some cases, conservative treatments such as rest, ice, and physical therapy may be effective. In more severe cases, surgery may be necessary to repair or remove the damaged portion of the meniscus.
It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect that you have a torn meniscus, as delaying treatment can lead to further damage and complications. A healthcare professional can perform a physical examination, imaging tests, and other diagnostic tests to determine the best course of treatment for your specific case.
Here are some ways that a physiotherapist may help with the rehabilitation process:
Modalities: The physiotherapist may use various modalities such as heat or ice therapy, ultrasound, or electrical stimulation to help reduce pain and inflammation and promote healing