| Spondylosis
What is Spondylosis ?

Spondylosis, also known as spinal osteoarthritis, is a condition that affects the spine. It is a degenerative disorder that occurs when the spinal discs and facet joints begin to wear down over time, leading to bone spurs and a loss of cushioning between the vertebrae.

Spondylosis can occur anywhere along the spine, but it most commonly affects the cervical (neck) and lumbar (lower back) regions.


Symptoms of spondylosis may include:

  • Pain and stiffness in the affected area
  • Limited range of motion
  • Muscle weakness or numbness in the arms or legs
  • Tingling or a "pins-and-needles" sensation in the arms or legs
  • Headaches or dizziness (in cases where the cervical spine is affected)
  • Bowel or bladder dysfunction (in severe cases)

Spondylosis is typically caused by the natural aging process, but other factors can contribute to its development, such as:

  • Repetitive stress or overuse of the spine
  • Poor posture or body mechanics
  • Genetics
  • Trauma to the spine

Treatment for spondylosis may include:

  1. Pain relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as acetaminophen or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), may help alleviate pain.
  2. Physical therapy: A physiotherapist can prescribe specific exercises to help improve flexibility, strength, and range of motion in the affected area.
  3. Epidural steroid injection: In some cases, a steroid injection into the affected area can help reduce inflammation and pain.
  4. Surgery: In severe cases where conservative treatments are ineffective, surgery may be necessary to remove bone spurs or repair damaged discs.

The prognosis for spondylosis varies, but many people experience significant relief of symptoms with conservative treatments. It's important to seek medical attention if you suspect you have spondylosis, as untreated cases can lead to chronic pain and neurological deficits.

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