Cerebral palsy

Cerebral palsy

| Cerebral palsy
What is Cerebral palsy ?

In CP there is paralysis of the brain area due to damage in the brain before birth,during delievery and after the delievery.Types: spastic, athetoid and ataxic.

It can cause paralysis of the muscle depends on the area of the brain affected.

Most affected area of the brain is cerebrum. Child will be  unable to do normal muscle action, Slow development of child, Feeding problem Communication can affected Communication difficulties, intelligence affected, hearing and sight affected it can be cause by any infection, virus, drug abuse. Treament of CP is stretching ,functional movements, balance and coordination exercise.


The symptoms of cerebral palsy vary widely from person to person, depending on the type and extent of brain damage. Some common symptoms include:

  1. Abnormal muscle tone: This can include stiffness or rigidity, as well as floppiness or lack of muscle tone.

  2. Difficulty with movement and coordination: This can include difficulty with fine motor skills such as writing or buttoning clothes, as well as gross motor skills such as walking or running.

  3. Spasticity: This is a type of muscle stiffness that can make movement difficult or jerky.

  4. Involuntary movements: Some people with CP may have uncontrollable movements, such as tremors or spasms.

  5. Postural difficulties: People with CP may have difficulty sitting or standing up straight, or may have a tendency to slump or lean to one side.


CP is usually diagnosed in early childhood, based on developmental delays and abnormal movement patterns. Treatment for CP may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and medications to manage symptoms. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to improve mobility or correct deformities.


Cerebral palsy (CP) is caused by damage to the developing brain, which can occur before birth, during birth, or within the first few years of life. Some of the most common causes of CP include:

  1. Prenatal brain damage: Damage to the developing brain can occur during pregnancy due to maternal infections, genetic abnormalities, or exposure to toxins or drugs.

  2. Birth complications: Oxygen deprivation during delivery or trauma during delivery can lead to brain damage.

  3. Premature birth: Babies born prematurely are at an increased risk of developing CP due to the immaturity of their brains.

  4. Infections: Infections such as meningitis or encephalitis can cause inflammation and damage to the brain.


Some common treatments for CP include:

  1. Physical therapy: Physical therapy can help improve strength, range of motion, and mobility. It may involve exercises, stretches, and assistive devices such as braces or orthotics.

  2. Occupational therapy: Occupational therapy can help individuals with CP to develop daily living skills, such as dressing, grooming, and eating.

  3. Speech therapy: Speech therapy can help improve communication skills, such as speaking, swallowing, and chewing.

  4. Medications: Medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms such as spasticity, seizures, or pain.

  5. Surgery: In some cases, surgery may be recommended to improve mobility, correct deformities, or reduce spasticity.

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