MD is herited by the parents genes in which the muscle weakness is increases. In some types of this disease the heart and other organ are also affected. types are Myotonic, Duchenne, BeckerLimbgirdle, Facioscapulohumeral, Congenital, Oculopharyngeal, Distal, Emery-Dreifuss, it can be appear in infancy and upto the middle age or later.many dystrophies cause shortening of the muscle, tendons and tissues which can lead to joint pain, difficulty in walking, running or climbing stairs,weakness starts in legs first hips and shoulders is affected first. Physiotherpay will help to decrease in the progression of the muscle weakness, prevent the muscle to gets tight, helps to prevent postural diformiy.
The specific cause of muscular dystrophy varies depending on the type of the disorder, but some common causes include:
Inherited gene mutations: Most types of muscular dystrophy are inherited in an autosomal dominant or recessive pattern, meaning that the mutation is passed down from a parent to their child.
Spontaneous mutations: In some cases, the gene mutation that causes muscular dystrophy may occur spontaneously, without a known family history of the disorder.
Abnormal immune system response: In some rare cases, muscular dystrophy may be caused by an abnormal immune system response that attacks and damages the muscles.
Deficiency in muscle proteins: Some types of muscular dystrophy are caused by a deficiency in certain muscle proteins that are necessary for muscle function.
Environmental factors: While the underlying cause of most types of muscular dystrophy is genetic, environmental factors may also play a role in the severity and progression of the disorder.
Some common treatment options for muscular dystrophy include:
Medications: Certain medications may be prescribed to help manage symptoms, such as corticosteroids to reduce inflammation and improve muscle strength, and medications to help manage heart or breathing problems.
Physical therapy: A physical therapist can develop an exercise program to help maintain muscle strength and flexibility, and improve mobility.
Occupational therapy: An occupational therapist can help develop strategies to manage daily activities, such as dressing and eating, and recommend adaptive equipment as needed.
Respiratory therapy: A respiratory therapist can help manage breathing difficulties and recommend breathing aids or devices, such as a ventilator, as needed.