A coccyx fracture, also called a coccyx fracture, is a break or laceration of the coccyx, a small triangular bone at the base of the spine. The coccyx is made up of several small bones fused together that support the muscles of the pelvis and lower back.
Symptoms of a coccyx fracture may include:
Coccyx fractures are usually diagnosed by physical examination and imaging tests such as X-rays and CT scans. Treatment for coccyx fractures may include pain management, including the use of pain relievers, ice, and heat therapy. In some cases, a special cushion may be recommended to reduce pressure on the tailbone while sitting. In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove the damaged portion of the tailbone. Recovery time varies, but most people recover within weeks to months with proper care and treatment.
Treatment for coccyx fractures depends on the severity of the fracture and the symptoms experienced. Treatment options include:
Pain management: Pain relievers such as acetaminophen and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be used to treat pain and swelling. In some cases, prescription pain relievers may be needed.
Ice or heat therapy: Applying ice or heat to the affected area can help reduce pain and swelling.
Rest: Avoiding activities that aggravate the pain, such as sitting for long periods of time or strenuous physical activity, can speed up the healing process.
Use a special pillow: A pillow with a truncated back can help relieve pressure on your tailbone while you're sitting.